In the transition period between childhood and adulthood, the status of adolescents is somewhat blurred, both for themselves and for their environment. Usually, adolescence has great energy, while self-control is not yet perfect. Also, adolescents often experience feelings of insecurity, not calm, and worry about loneliness. Simply, we can say that adolescence is still unstable.
Generally, the development of a person’s emotions is evident in changes in their behavior. The development of emotions of adolescents is the same way. The quality or fluctuation of symptoms that appear in behavior is very depending on the level of emotional fluctuations that exist in the individual. In everyday life we often see some emotional behaviors, such as excessive fear, aggression, apathy, and self-harming behaviors.
Stanley Hall, defines that adolescence as those who experience a change in character from the childhood era to adulthood. He mentioned that during this period there will be “storm & stress” or in Indonesian known as “storm & typhoon”.
In 1997, psychologist Hurlock stated that the uncontrollable behavior of a person in adolescence in general will experience a process of improvement. So that at the stage of late adolescence, the individual will usually be able to control emotions. Especially if supported by the socioemotional atmosphere in the home environment (family) and peers.
Here are some factors that influence adolescent emotional development:
1. Physical Changes
Physical changes include physical changes and the increase in certain hormones in a person can be a factor in the development of emotions in adolescents. be a factor in the development of emotions in adolescents. These hormones give stimulation in the body and brain system to affect the feelings and emotional actions of an adolescent.
2. Interaction Patterns with Parents
The way parents communicate with their children, as well as parenting methods, also can be an important factor in adolescent emotional development. Usually, teenagers tend to have a rebellious nature in order to show their desire to live without restrictive rules. So that upbringing habits play an important role in the process of adolescents accepting their adolescent cycle.
Read also: 5 Effective Ways to Discipline a Teenager
3. Patterns of Interaction with Friends
Also, the pattern of one’s relationship with peers during adolescence has an influence on one’s emotional development. During adolescence, teenagers tend to group to show their existence or to fight against the authority of those who are considered to be against them. In addition, love relationships with the opposite sex are also a factor that dominates the emotional development of adolescence.
4. Changes in the View of the Outside World
In adolescence, the perception of others becomes a factor in the development of one’s emotions. For example, changes in the unstable attitude of the outside world. This is due to different environments in applying certain values. Thus, adolescence is often said to be a period which is prone to the wrong social conditions.
5. Patterns of Interaction at School
Another factor that influences adolescent emotional development is patterns of interaction at school. For example, a teenager who commits a self-harming act because the principles held by the teenager are different, not accepted, or rejected in the school environment. So, it takes intensive support and comprehensive information so that an adolescent is ready to face the transition of his/her world.